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(2017) Human health and ecological assessment programs for Hebei Spirit oil spill accident of 2007: Status, lessons, and future challenges

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  • 조회 : 231
  • 등록일 : 2018-05-24
Human health and ecological assessment programs for Hebei Spirit oil spill accident of 2007: Status, lessons, and future challenges

- 저널 : Chemosphere
- 저자 : 정다운, 김정아, 박명숙, 임운혁, 최경호

[Abstract]

Hebei Spirit oil spill (HSOS) of December 2007 is one of the worst oil spill accidents that occurred in Yellow Sea. The affected coastline along the west coast of Korean Peninsula hosts one of the largest tidal flats worldwide, and is home to tens of thousands of human residents. Based on nation-wide concerns on ecosystem damages and adverse human health effects, two separate surveillance programs on ecosystem and human health were initiated: a 10-year follow-up program by Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries to assess ecological impacts of the oil spill, and an exposure and health effect assessment program by Ministry of Environment for the residents of Taean and its vicinity. For the past eight years, extensive monitoring and surveillance data on ecosystem and humans have been accumulated through these programs. But these studies have been conducted mostly independently, and collaborations were seldom made between two programs. The lack of communication resulted in gaps and overlaps between the programs which led to loss of critical information and efficiency. As oil spill can affect both humans and ecosystem through various pathways, collaboration and communication between human and ecosystem health surveillance programs are necessary, and will synergize the success of both programs. Such efforts will provide better platform for understanding the status of impact, and for developing approaches to address human and ecosystem health challenges that may be faced following environmental disasters like HSOS.

© 2016 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Keywords: Hebei Spirit oil spill, Human health assessment, Ecosystem health assessment, Long-term monitoring